All countries restrict or prohibit the import and export of certain articles based upon:
- Concerns for health, safety, and public morality (e.g., foodstuffs, agricultural products, live animals, biologic materials, pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs, chemicals, hazardous products, and materials deemed indecent).
- Protection of the physical and economic security of the state (e.g., arms, armaments, dual-use technology, radio and television transmitters and receivers, radioactive materials, seditious materials, and currency).
- Economic protection or subsidization of domestic industry (e.g., non-tariff barriers to trade for imports and control of natural resources for exports).
- Enforcement of provisions of multi-lateral trade agreements (e.g., those designed to protect endangered and threatened species of animals and plants and those designed to protect copyright, patent, and trademark holders against infringement).
- Textiles and garments under export quotas agreed with foreign countries as periodically announced by the Ministry of Industry and Trade
- Goods whose export is controlled under international treaties which Vietnam has entered into or acceded to, as announced periodically by the Ministry of Industry and Trade
- Certain textiles and garments, subject to export quotas
- Rice, subject to export quota
- Weapons, ammunition, explosive materials and military technical equipment and facilities
- Toxic chemicals
- Timber, planks from domestic natural forests; firewood, charcoal made from wood or firewood of domestic natural forest origin
- Various kinds of wild animals, and natural rare precious fauna and flora
- Various types of special encryption devices and encryption software used for protecting state secrets
Note: Please note that this information is subject to change. Importers and exporters are advised to obtain the most current information from a customs broker or freight forwarder or from the local customs authorities, listed at the top of the Contacts page.
Article written for World Trade Press by Jennifer Goheen and Nina Bellucci.
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